Heart rate variability (HRV) corresponds to the adaptation of the heart to any stimulus. In fact, among the pathologies affecting HRV the most, there are the cardiovascular diseases and depressive disorders, which are associated with high medical cost in Western societies. Consequently, HRV is now widely used as an index of health. In order to better understand how this adaptation takes place, it is necessary to examine which factors directly influence HRV, whether they have a physiological or environmental origin. The primary objective of this research is therefore to conduct a literature review in order to get a comprehensive overview of the subject. The system of these factors affecting HRV can be divided into the following five categories: physiological and pathological factors, environmental factors, lifestyle factors, non-modifiable factors and effects. The direct interrelationships between these factors and HRV can be regrouped into an influence diagram. This diagram can therefore serve as a basis to improve daily clinical practice as well as help design even more precise research protocols.
Cardiac coherence, Heart rate variability, Influence diagram, Literature overview
Financial support: The authors would like to thank the Fondation
canadienne pour l’enseignement et la recherche en ostéopathie for
participating in the publishing fees.
Julien Fatisson Association Québécoise de Recherche en Ostéopathie (AQRO) Département de l’activité physique Faculté des sciences UQÀM, Complexe des Sciences Pavillon des sciences biologiques (SB) Local: SB-4630 141, Avenue du Président Kennedy Montréal,
Share this Article
Related Content In Arrhythmia
Update on Etripamil Nasal Spray for the At-home Treatment of Acute Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia
Heart International. 2021;15(1):Online ahead of journal publication
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) defines a group of cardiac arrhythmias where the underlying mechanism is dependent upon structures at or above the level of the atrioventricular node. The recent PRE-EMPT study retrospectively evaluated health records of over 4.2 million people in the USA, estimating PSVT incidence at 73/100,000, and national prevalence at 168/100,000 (translating into […]
Rhythm Disorders in Endocrinology
European Journal of Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology. 2021;7(1):Online ahead of journal publication
Several closely regulated ion channels are involved in the various phases of the myocardial action potential (phases 0–4) (Figure 1).1 In the absence of neuroendocrine and other regulatory signals, the pacing rate of the sinoatrial node is 100 beats per minute (bpm). However, heart rate is not fixed, and varies along with cardiac output in order […]
Supraventricular Tachycardia: Electrocardiogram Diagnosis and Clinical Management for the Non-electrophysiologist
European Journal of Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology. 2021;7(1):Online ahead of journal publication.
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) occurs with a prevalence of 2–3/1,000 in the general population and is characterised by atrial rates >100 beats per minute (bpm) at rest. Per definition, SVT originates in the atria or atrioventricular (AV) node tissue above the His bundle.1,2 Diagnosis and clinical management of SVT have been the focus of recent European Society […]
Journal articles and more to your inbox
Get the latest clinical insights from touchCARDIOSign me up!