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Effect of hypertrophy on left ventricular diastolic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Published Online: July 26th 2018 Heart International 2006;2(2):106-14
Authors: Quirino Ciampi, Sandro Betocchi, Maria Angela Losi, Raffaella Lombardi, Bruno Villari, Massimo Chiariello
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Background. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by asymmetric LV hypertrophy (LVH) and impairment in diastolic function. We assess the relationship between LVH and invasive indexes of diastolic function.
Methods. 21 HCM patients underwent cardiac catheterization to assess pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure (measured by microtip catheters), and LV volumes (calculated by simultaneous radionuclide angiography). We calculated from LV pressure the time constant of isovolumetric relaxation (τ, variable asymptote method, ms), and from LV pressure and volume the constant of chamber stiffness (k, ml-1). LVH was assessed by different indexes: maximal wall thickness, number of hypertrophied LV segments, LVH index, and Wigle’s score.
Results. Wigle’s score was directly related to pulmonary capillary Wedge pressure (r=0.436, p=0.048), peak V wave of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (r=0.503, p=0.024), LV end-diastolic pressure (r=0.643, p=0.002) and k (r=0.564, p=0.015). HCM patients were divided into 2 groups according to Wigle’s score: 10 with mild or moderate LVH (< 8), and 11 with severe LVH (≥ 8). HCM patients with severe LVH showed a higher pulmonary capillary Wedge pressure (15.1±7.2 vs 9.5±2.4, p=0.033), peak V wave of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (20.7±4.6 vs 14.6±4.9, p=0.011), LV end-diastolic pressure (23.9±10.9 vs 10.6±2.5, p=0.002), k (0.0465±0.032 vs 0.015±0.007, p=0.022) and LV outflow tract gradient (72±36 mmHg vs 29±30 mmHg, p=0.01). τ was similar in the two groups. Other indexes of LVH were not related to diastolic function.
Conclusions. Wigle’s score is the only index of LVH that relates to invasive indices of diastolic function. (Heart International 2006; 2: 106-14)

Keywords

Cardiomyopathy, Diastole, Hypertrophy

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Sandro Betocchi, MD, FACC, FESC, Department of Clinical Medicine, Cardiovascular & Immunological Sciences, “Federico II” University School of Medicine, Via S. Pansini, 5, 80131 Naples – Italy, sandro.betocchi@unina.it

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