Home > News > Rationale for the use of high dose sustained-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate in ischemic heart disease and chronic heart failure
Heart Failure
Read Time: < 1 min

Rationale for the use of high dose sustained-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate in ischemic heart disease and chronic heart failure

Published Online: July 30th 2018 Heart International 2007;3(3-4):98-111
Authors: Livio Dei Cas, Marco Metra, Savina Nodari, Riccardo Raddino
Quick Links:
Abstract
Article
Article Information
Abstract:
Overview

Isosorbide-5-mononitrate is one of the two pharmacologically active metabolites of isosorbide dinitrate. At variance from its parent drug, it has a longer elimination half-life, no metabolic first-pass, and greater bioavailability, allowing once-daily administration as standard or as sustained-release formulations. Several trials have shown that isosorbide-5-mononitrate, in the form of sustained-released capsules administered once daily at doses ranging between 50 and 100 mg, is an effective symptomatic drug for the treatment of stable angina and chronic heart failure (CHF), and is now indicated for these conditions by American and European guidelines. In particular, at 80 mg once-daily sustained-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate has been shown to have trough plasma levels below the minimum therapeutic concentration (100 ng/mL), ensuring a nitrate-free period as sufficient as to avoid nitrate tolerance. This 80 mg dosage is the only high dose sustained-release formulation of isosorbide-5-mononitrate currently marketed in Italy. Isosorbide-5-mononitrate also exerts positive hemodynamic effects (reduction in filling pressure and systemic vascular resistance, with increase in cardiac output) in heart failure in association with standard medical therapy and hydralazine, with a positive impact on patient prognosis. (Heart International 2007; 3: 98-111)

Keywords

Ischemic heart disease, Angina pectoris, Chronic heart failure, Nitrate, High dose isosorbide-5-mononitrate, Sustained-release, Tolerance, Hemodynamics

Article:
Article Information:
Correspondence

Prof. Livio Dei Cas, Cattedra di Cardiologia, Spedali Civili, Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1, 25100 Brescia, Italy, deicas@med.unibs.it

Further Resources

Share this Article
Related Content In Heart Failure
  • Copied to clipboard!
    accredited arrow-downarrow_leftarrow-right-bluearrow-right-dark-bluearrow-right-greenarrow-right-greyarrow-right-orangearrow-right-whitearrow-right-bluearrow-up-orangeavatarcalendarchevron-down consultant-pathologist-nurseconsultant-pathologistcrosscrossdownloademailexclaimationfeedbackfiltergraph-arrowinterviewslinkmdt_iconmenumore_dots nurse-consultantpadlock patient-advocate-pathologistpatient-consultantpatientperson pharmacist-nurseplay_buttonplay-colour-tmcplay-colourAsset 1podcastprinter scenerysearch share single-doctor social_facebooksocial_googleplussocial_instagramsocial_linkedin_altsocial_linkedin_altsocial_pinterestlogo-twitter-glyph-32social_youtubeshape-star (1)tick-bluetick-orangetick-whiteticktimetranscriptup-arrowwebinar Department Location NEW TMM Corporate Services Icons-07NEW TMM Corporate Services Icons-08NEW TMM Corporate Services Icons-09NEW TMM Corporate Services Icons-10NEW TMM Corporate Services Icons-11NEW TMM Corporate Services Icons-12Salary £ TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-01TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-02TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-03TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-04TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-05TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-06TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-07TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-08TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-09TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-10TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-11TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-12TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-13TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-14TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-15TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-16TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-17TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-18TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-19TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-20TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-21TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-22TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-23TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-24TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-25TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-26TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-27TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-28TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-29TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-30TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-31TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-32TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-33TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-34TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-35TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-36TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-37TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-38TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-39TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-40TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-41TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-42TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-43TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-44TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-45TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-46TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-47TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-48TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-49TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-50TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-51TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-52TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-53TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-54TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-55TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-56TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-57TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-58TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-59TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-60TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-61TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-62TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-63TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-64TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-65TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-66TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-67TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-68TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-69TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-70TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-71TMM-Corp-Site-Icons-72